The Filipino political genius was best reflected in an extralegal institution—the political party. Armythat Aguinaldo "has declared himself Dictator and President, and is trying to take Manila without our assistance", opining that that would not be probable but, if done, would allow him to antagonize any U.
A while later, as part of the Tydings—McDuffie Act that granted the Philippines its independence, Congress cleared the way for the Philippines to assume the role of a completely unaffiliated trading partner. He believed that courting men of such stature would help end the Philippine-American War and convince the rest of the population to cast their lot with the United States.
The first party, the Federal Partywas U. Their attitude is well illustrated by the following extract from a telegram sent by Colonel Cailles to Aguinaldo on January 10,"Most urgent.
Eventually, Senator James Clarke of Arkansas offered an amendment to give the Philippines its independence in four years or less. On August 13 Admiral Dewey and General Merritt informed their superiors of this and asked how far they might proceed in enforcing obedience in the matter.
However, the agreement was ignored by the insurgents and on the evening of February 4 another demonstration was made on one of our small outposts, which occupied a retired position at least yards within the line which had been mutually agreed upon, an insurgent approaching the picket and refusing to halt or answer when challenged.
This government had executive, legislative as well as judicial powers. Pilar added, however, that if the Spaniards should fall back on the walled city and surrender Santa Ana to himself, he would hold it with his own men. On January 1,news had come to Washington from Manila that American forces which had been sent to Iloilo under the command of General Marcus Miller had been confronted by 6, armed Filipinos, who refused them permission to land.