He said that any southerner who took an oath to the Union would be given a pardon. Racism was still a potent force in both South and North, and Republicans became more conservative and less egalitarian as the decade continued. The first state to be readmitted to the Union was Tennessee in I was especially taken with the courageous, indefatigable activism of Ida Tarbell and role of speaker, organizer and towering public intellectual W.
For me, this serious glossing over what actually happened imposed limits on what lessons might be derived from Reconstruction and applied to our situation today. People had to resort to bartering services for goods, or else try to obtain scarce Union dollars.
The foundations of their institutions Viewers will have to come to grips with the massacre of American-American men, women and children in Opelousas, Louisiana in With the Compromise ofmilitary intervention in Southern politics ceased and Republican control collapsed in the last three state governments in the South.
However, historian Heather Cox Richardson notes that reactionary Southerners and liberal anti-slavery Northern elites eventually persuaded enough people that Reconstruction was in a sense, anathema to the American system.
What was the status of the former Confederate states? Ten years after the end of the civil war, the national mood had shifted.
Rejoining the Union New governments were formed in the South starting in Even in untouched areas, the lack of maintenance and repair, the absence of new equipment, the heavy over-use, and the deliberate relocation of equipment by the Confederates from remote areas to the war zone ensured the system would be ruined at war's end.
In —after an economic depression plunged much of the South into poverty—the Democratic Party won control of the House of Representatives for the first time since the Civil War.