Plagiarism in the academic world
All published and unpublished material, whether in manuscript, printed or electronic form, is covered under this definition. You need to give credit to the authors of the ideas and observations you cite. A simple plagiarism check should be mandatory for any respectable journal — as it is for student term papers. No footnote or reference acknowledged my work. This does not mean that you must become masters of jargon and obfuscation; however the process is akin to learning a new language. Even in cases where the plagiarism is found to have been neither intentional nor reckless, there may still be an academic penalty for poor practice. Even now, I still fear reprisals if I were ever to publicise the incident; I avoided my institution while the plagiarist recently visited. Persistent academic under-performance can even result in your being sent down from the University. Rampant cases of plagiarism can damage the reputation of not only students, but also colleges, as well as negatively affect the credibility and integrity of published academic research. Why does plagiarism matter? Sanctions for student plagiarism[ edit ] In the academic world, plagiarism by students is usually considered a very serious offense that can result in punishments such as a failing grade on the particular assignment, the entire course, or even being expelled from the institution. The audience for each work is so different that publishing the same work in different places is necessary to get the message out. Among other factors that may excuse reuse of previously published material Samuelson lists the following: The previous work must be restated to lay the groundwork for a new contribution in the second work.
But I was also worried, because I now had to prove the originality of my work. Widespread cases of plagiarism like these can make it difficult for universities to rebuild their reputations.
Consequences of plagiarism
Take a look at Guardian Jobs , the higher education specialist Topics. The following examples demonstrate some of the common pitfalls to avoid. The term "content scraping" has arisen to describe the copying and pasting of information from websites  and blogs. Cutting and pasting from the Internet without clear acknowledgement Information derived from the Internet must be adequately referenced and included in the bibliography. Failure to acknowledge assistance You must clearly acknowledge all assistance which has contributed to the production of your work, such as advice from fellow students, laboratory technicians, and other external sources. Plagiarism, in contrast, is concerned with the unearned increment to the plagiarizing author's reputation, or the obtaining of academic credit, that is achieved through false claims of authorship. If ever in doubt about referencing, paraphrasing or plagiarism, you have only to ask your tutor. You do need to document facts that are not generally known and ideas that are interpretations of facts. You are not necessarily expected to become an original thinker, but you are expected to be an independent one - by learning to assess critically the work of others, weigh up differing arguments and draw your own conclusions. Academic essays almost always involve the use and discussion of material written by others, and, with due acknowledgement and proper referencing, this is clearly distinguishable from plagiarism. Not only does this accord recognition to their work, it also helps you to strengthen your argument by making clear the basis on which you make it. Follow us on Twitter gdnhighered. According to Bela Gipp  academic plagiarism encompasses: "The use of ideas, concepts, words, or structures without appropriately acknowledging the source to benefit in a setting where originality is expected.
A few minutes running software could have prevented this entire mess, because my articles were easy to find on the internet. Citing some, but not all, passages that should be cited.
Photograph: Alamy I always assumed plagiarism to be mainly committed by a few lazy students and over-ambitious politicians. Students who plagiarise undermine the ethos of academic scholarship while avoiding an essential part of the learning process.
Scanlon,  "self-plagiarism" is a term with some specialized currency. Similarly, academic dishonesty can cause bitterness among students. I insisted the words be set as a block quote, which the journal did.
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