Maginot line

Two telephone wires were placed parallel to the line of fortifications, providing redundancy in the event of a wire getting cut. There are 75 LG cloches lance-grenade or "grenade launcher" on the line.

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Petain had come out of World War One with a degree of credit and with his backing the idea of a long and deep defensive barrier gained political support. The critics had a vast amount of evidence to support their views. However, many parts of the Maginot Line fell into disrepair and remain so.

Like the LG cloches, they were almost completely covered by concrete. The main thrust of French military policy, as a result, was to embrace the power of the defence. Blogger note A great example of how those who decide to fight wars do not actually fight them.

Maginot line pronunciation

They would be supplemented by reservists who lived in the local area, and who could be quickly mobilised in an emergency. Senior figures in the French military, such as Marshall Foch, believed that the German anger over Versailles all but guaranteed that Germany would seek revenge. The Maginot Line dominated French military thinking in the inter-war years. The main construction was largely completed by , at a cost of around 3 billion French francs. The word cloche is a French term meaning bell due to its shape. There were places along the cable where dismounted soldiers could connect to the network. The location of this attack, chosen because of the location of the Maginot Line, was through the Belgian Ardennes forest sector 4 , which is off the map to the left of Maginot Line sector 6 as marked. Their crews ranged from to more than 1, men. Almost every block, casemate and shelter is topped by one or two GFM cloches. As head of the armed forces, Marshall Petain commissioned a number of teams to come up with a solution to the French dilemma.

Unfortunately, the line covered the French—German frontier, but not the French—Belgian. It was composed of an intricate system of strong points, fortifications and military facilities such as border guard posts, communications centres, infantry shelters, barricades, artillery, machine gun and anti-tank gun emplacements, supply depots, infrastructure facilities and observation posts.

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These various structures reinforced a principal line of resistance made up of the most heavily armed ouvrages, which can be roughly translated as fortresses or big defensive works. He wanted France to develop an army based on speed, mobility and mechanised vehicles. All these troops wore distinctive uniform insignia and considered themselves among the elite of the French Army. The French military was especially insistent that the population disparity made an offensive war of manoeuvre and swift advances suicidal as there would always be far more German divisions; a defensive strategy was needed to counter Germany. They were protected by reinforced steel that was inches deep and capable of taking a direct hit from most known artillery fire. And yet, very few if any generals. Though not a huge figure, these men may have had an impact on the advance of the Germans — or at least got evacuated at Dunkirk to fight another time. Military experts extolled the Maginot Line as a work of genius, believing it would prevent any further invasions from the east. Static defensive positions were therefore intended not only to buy time but to economise on men by defending an area with fewer and less mobile forces. The critics had a vast amount of evidence to support their views. Almost every block, casemate and shelter is topped by one or two GFM cloches. By doing this, the Maginot Line was isolated and the plan that soldiers in the Line could assist the mobilised French troops was a non-starter. Their purpose was to locate the enemy and direct and correct the indirect fire of artillery as well as to report on the progress and position of key enemy units. Beyond that, the French were well aware of the contribution of Britain and its Dominions to the victory of , and French decision-makers believed that they needed Britain's help to win another war; the French could only go so far with alienating the British. The Maginot Line was such an impressive piece of construction that dignitaries from around the world visited it.

HoschAssociate Editor. GFM cloche.

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The story of the Maginot Line