Ethics reflection paper on abortion
Abortion essay introduction
Everybody has a body—a body which can be the source of great joy but also of great suffering to its bearer—as patients and health care professionals know more than well. If possibilities for work and other meaningful activities are provided, such persons could flourish and contribute to our culture and society in many ways. Nurses have their personal opinions about abortion, but because they are health professionals and their opinions are sought as such, they are obligated to understand why they hold certain views. Women have the right to decide on issues that concern their reproductive life and the right to legal abortion is a part of this set of rights, as is the access to birth control or IVF. For a long time, such tests have been recommended in high-risk pregnancies e. The healthy body offers a kind of primary being-at-home for us, which is turned into a not-being-at-home in illness Gadamer ; Svenaeus Futures of reproduction: Bioethics and biopolitics. The Guardian, February
Technik, Medizin Und Ethik. In quickening the pregnant woman feels the presence of another human being inside her and this as a rule is not an alienating event, but rather a part and process of a different form of embodied being, in contact with a child to be, which appeals for protection and support.
Australian Journal of Philosophy. If pregnancy is unwanted for the woman, and, especially, if it has been brought about by rape, the pregnant woman may feel the presence of the foetus to be exactly alien in nature.
Ethical issues on abortion essays
The medical-technological gaze Would a 50—50 ratio be enough to motivate scanning for DS in early pregnancy? This perspective becomes acutely important in the stages when the foetus is suspected to feel things, such as pleasure or pain, or if it could possibly survive in an incubator. Because the sampling of amniotic fluid containing foetal DNA requires the insertion of a needle into the uterus, it carries a certain risk for miscarriage. If the life of the woman is threatened by the pregnancy, this overtrumps the perspective of the appearing, or even feeling foetus, as the foetus is not a person, but only a person in potential being. Body matters: A phenomenology of sickness, disease, and illness. In any case, a 16 weeks gestational time upper limit for legal abortion should provide plenty of time for early legal abortions in cases in which women do not want to continue with their pregnancies and give birth. Women have the right to decide on issues that concern their reproductive life and the right to legal abortion is a part of this set of rights, as is the access to birth control or IVF.
I then turn to the issue of pregnancy and discuss how the embryo or foetus could appear for us, particularly from the perspective of the pregnant woman, and what such showing up may mean from an ethical perspective.
The reason for introducing these scans has been that ultrasound is less invasive than tests of foetal DNA for genetic disorders.
Ethics of abortion
That a large number of babies with chromosomal or other congenital defects are never born because a life with such a defect is considered not to be worthwhile, and that the subsequent disabilities in question become rare or inexistent, might be problematic in itself. Iris Marion Young, who published her classic piece on the phenomenology of pregnancy already in , argues that the experiences of pregnancy, including quickening, are not alienating in themselves Young Everybody has a body—a body which can be the source of great joy but also of great suffering to its bearer—as patients and health care professionals know more than well. In any case, a 16 weeks gestational time upper limit for legal abortion should provide plenty of time for early legal abortions in cases in which women do not want to continue with their pregnancies and give birth. The foetus may to some extent be perceived as an unwelcome stranger—particularly if the pregnancy is unwanted—but in most cases, quickening is instead referred to as the first contact with the baby to come. Continental Philosophy Review. The question concerning technology and other essays. In the final analysis I will show how utilitarianism, altruism, and situational ethical views apply to abortion. The discussions on the wrongdoing of, or the right to, terminating pregnancy are heavily politicized and jam-packed with rhetoric, especially in the USA, but also in many other Western countries Dworkin : chapter two. On the pro-life side you find the idea that the embryo-foetus is a person from very early on, perhaps even from day one. When I am developing a headache, an example explored by Jean-Paul Sartre in Being and Nothingness, the phenomenologist would point out that the pain is not only a sensation experienced inside my head but something that invades my entire world experience Sartre ; Svenaeus The countries in Africa, South America, and South East Asia, generally do not allow abortion with the exception of rape or on medical grounds. The conditions and limits to qualify for such opportunities vary significantly in the laws of different countries. To my knowledge very few phenomenologists have directed their attention toward this issue but see Mumford , although quite a few have, indeed, strived to better understand and articulate the closely related themes of pregnancy and birth, most often in the context of feminist philosophy Adams and Lundquist ; Bornemark and Smith ; Diprose ; Toledano ; Young
Considerations beyond ethical arguments may play into political decision making in this and many other bioethics areas, and legitimately so van der Burg This is a main difference in comparison with other prenatal genetic tests that determine statistical risks for developing diseases at some point in life, tests that are already around and that will likely become increasingly common in the future with NIPT.
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